If we think of a laptop will surely come to mind a model small processor, screen, and keyboard. Although we imagined before one -piece, now also we conceive with detachable screen. In any case, we speak of a machine capable of running on batteries, without being permanently connected to the mains, with less than 2.5 kilos.
A young 30 years
Yet it discussed what the first notebook was. The first computers do not resemble current designs of shell (by the way they close and open), although they have the characteristic of “transportable” by one person. Some date back in 1968, as the Wall Street Journal. Others look towards 1979.
In any case, almost everyone takes for good Osborne 1 was the first laptop. In 1981, this computer weighed about 11 kilos and had a price tag of $ 1,795. Your screen (normal) was five inches, incorporating a modem port, two floppy drives 5¼ for external storage, batteries and a large collection of software applications. His was a Zilog Z80 processor to 4.0 MHz and 64K memory.
We must wait until 1989 to find a laptop whose design reminds us, and yes, the concept that lies portable. In 1989, Zenith Data Systems launched the Zenith Minisport, a laptop with a weight of 2,7kgs. Many historians as one of the first laptops consider it “real”. I had a 20MB hard drive ESDI, 1.44MB floppy, built- in 2400-baud modem, 640 KB of RAM and LCD CGA a “color”. All connectivity ports were accessible through a door in the back.
Everything changes in 1995
In 1995, Microsoft introduced the operating system Windows 95, which served completely, stabilize and standardize the laptop industry. Some even say that this development was perhaps the most important in the history of the event laptops, because it marked a before and after. His arrival means that most of the machines have the same design, including CD-ROM, Intel Pentium processors and floppy drives, standard on almost all laptops.
In 1997, Asus, a company leading the market motherboards, decides to launch its first laptop, the Asus P6300 precisely with Windows 95 operating system.
Since then, thanks to the development of technology, the popularity and feasibility of laptops has increased considerably. The batteries last longer and its evolution has been very important throughout all these years. The lithium ion, the most popular laptops were an invention of 1985 the Japanese Akira Yoshino, from Asahi Kasei Corporation, these provided a battery with longer life.
The screens have been getting larger (up to 17 inches), colorful, higher resolution and sharp, to also incorporate tactile being.
The processors are becoming faster and do so without emitting much heat (allowing eliminate the need for fans). In this is good because the so – called Moore’s Law. In his statement, one of the founders of Intel predicted that every year the power of silicon products while being reduced to half its size would double. Something therefore it affects many computer components, and not just chips.
In fact, this miniaturization is evident in many other components. For example, hard drives (now being replaced in many cases by SSDs) in only 30 years have seen the cost of storing a gigabyte of data has plummeted presumably more than $ 100,000 to just a few cents. One of the first hard disks could store 5MB of data on 50 discs 24 inches in diameter (at a price of $ 10,000 MB). The hard drive was the size of a refrigerator and the entire unit weighed over a ton.
Network connectivity has also seen major improvements and has welcomed Bluetooth or WiFi, which avoids having to include a modem or card and can add more connection ports.
A revolution that allowed laptops become thinner in size while increasing its capacity and reduced weight, which has served to increase its popularity.
To get an idea, the first laptop of Asus was the P6300. Its technical specifications were: Intel Pentium II 266 MHz, 16 MB RAM, CD drive, 144 MB of SDRAM memory, 1024 x 768 (XGA) 16 – bit and 13.3 – inch, 3.5 – inch hard drive and 1.44MB, 4050 mAh battery, 32.258 x 24.384 x 5.08 cm and 3.9 kilos.
2000, the odyssey of large screens
Storage has been one of the great revolutions of the computer industry in general and laptops in particular. To get an idea, in the 1950s, the storage capacity had increased significantly; with 5MB hard disks… they were far from portable unfortunately.
The problem was that the hard drives used to be very bulky in size, which conditioned much in the design (and weight) of laptops. SSD storage has been a real revolution in this regard.
However, undoubtedly one of the great revolutions in the notebook market has to do with screens, component that always came out worse compared with their desktop brethren. Microsoft incorporated a touch screen and a stylus to operate the laptop with your Tablet version operating system, dating from 2002; just a couple of years after the industry began to include the size of 14 inches as standard on laptops.
The idea of notebook / tablet hybrid was implemented in the early twenty – first century and one of the first products to reap a great success in this field was the ASUS Transformer, back in 2011.
Portable mini or Eee PC
For a while, it seemed that everything was already said about the design of the laptop. With the idea of making them increasingly powerful and light, the battle seemed to be raised on how much weight we were willing to take to have a powerful machine, or how much power they were willing to sacrifice to achieve greater lightness.
In addition, they came the mini-laptops, very similar in size, but with much less weight. These netbooks or mini notebooks were powerful enough to take the daily tasks of most laptop users, such as web browsing and emails. The first computer mass-produced really be called a netbook was the Eee PC from Asus.
The Eee PC 700 had a 7-inch screen and came with Linux instead of Windows, but had all the makings of a laptop, but just in a much smaller size. Including keyboard and trackpad, a fast SSD used instead of a traditional hard drive. In addition, one of the main attractions was its low price, what became a bestseller worldwide.
Asus Eee PC was first released in 2007. Shortly after his appearance, they mimic many other manufacturers Asus and released to manufacture a similar device.
A convertible future
The evolution of laptops has not stopped. Although it may essentially continue torespect some guidelines, probably 30 years ago no one could imagine that today would be talking about laptops that can separate your screen keyboard to have two products in one.
This type of portable, able to transform into a tablet when mobility needs outweigh the productivity, have the best example in the range Asus Transformer. With up to12 hours of battery life, they have the need to play games or work productively is an option at the same light, with a full QWERTY keyboard and a touchpad to match the user’s most demanding portable performance.
Less than 1.3 kilos weight
Do not think to guess what the future of these laptops: more powerful and increasingly lighter and lighter. A good example of this is the ASUS ZenBook UX305LA, just 1.49 centimeters thick and 1.3 kilos of weight. With 12 hours of battery life, power is supported by its Intel Core processors, memory up to 8 GB SSD storage and up to 512 GB.
The ASUS ZenBook UX303UA does not reach the kilo and a half of weight with 323 x 223 measures x 19.2 mm. With storage options both SSD and hard drive, has the same dimensions as the ASUS ZenBook UX303LA but more likely in the storage of the latter.